What is the Bible?

What is the Bible?

The Bible is a collection of 66 books written by about 40 authors, over approximately 1600 years.  The Bible claims to be inspired and inerrant.  This means that the Bible is from God and that it is without error in everything it addresses.

The Bible contains many different styles of writing such as poetry, narration, history, law, and prophecy and must be interpreted in context of those styles.  It is the source of the Christian religion in that the Bible is the Word of God and teaches how the Christian is to apply God’s Word in his life.

Basically, the Bible describes the origin of man in the Garden of Eden along with his fall into sin and out of fellowship with God.  It then describes how God called out a special people to Himself, the Israelites.  He promised the Israelites a future Messiah who would restore mankind’s relationship with God.  The Bible is the account of the work of God in history bringing to fruition His prophetic declarations concerning Jesus.  Jesus was born of the Virgin, died on the cross, and paid for sins, just as the Bible prophesied in the Old Testament and fulfilled in the New.  In short, the Bible points to Jesus, “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me,” (John 5:39).

Furthermore, the Bible teaches us that forgiveness of sins is found in Jesus alone, “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.” (Acts 4:12)

Some say that the Bible is nothing more than fairy tales.  But this cannot be for it contains great wisdom and truth and it has been verified throughout history as being accurate.  Its historical accounts are flawlessly accurate.  In fact, archaeology routinely demonstrates the accuracy of the biblical records concerning locations and events recorded in the Bible.

The Old Testament Books written by the prophets such as Moses, David, Isaiah, etc.

  1. Pentateuch – 5 books:
    1. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
  2. Historical Books – 12 books:
    1. Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1st Samuel, 2nd Samuel, 1st Kings, 2nd Kings, 1st Chronicles, 2nd Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
  3. Poetical – 5 books:
    1. Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
  4. Prophetical – 17 books:
    1. Major Prophets – Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel;
    2. Minor Prophets – Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

The New Testament Books

  1. Historical Books –  5 books:
    1. Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts
  2. Pauline Epistles – 13 books:
    1. Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1st Thessalonians, 2nd Thessalonians. 1st Timothy, 2nd Timothy, Titus, Philemon
  3. Non-Pauline Epistles – 9 books:
    1. Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation
      1. Note:  Some authors attribute Hebrews to Paul.